Understanding Color

Color Theory (history of fashion)

Not the most entertaining part of creating apparel, but the most crucial when designing and sewing garments.


  1. Can you believe the first color wheel was invented by associating each color with a note one a musical scale? This was accomplished by Newton.
  2. 100 years later psychological studies began on the effects on colors.
  3. Goethe divided the psychological effects of colors into two groups.

*Plus side (red, orange, yellow) colors producing cheerfulness and excitement

*Minus side (green, violet, blue) colors of weakness and unsettled feelings.

THE REAL DEAL (COLOR RULES)

  1. Any two colors opposite each other are harmonious.
  2. Colors spaced around the wheel forming a triangle, or rectangle are also harmonious.
  3. Color schemes——also known as harmonies remain so no matter what the rotation angle is.

BASIC COLOR SCHEMES

  • Monochromatic Color Scheme-The use of color tints and saturations of one color.
  • Analogous Color Scheme– This color scheme uses colors next to each other with one color ore dominate to enhance the color scheme.
  • Complementary Color Scheme- One of the most used schemes, the colors are opposite each other on the wheel. This scheme is used best with a cool color with a warm color.
  • Split Complementary Color Scheme- Uses three colors. One color is chosen as well as the two adjacent to the first color, providing a high contrast.

Triadic Color Scheme

The triadic color scheme uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel. The triadic scheme is not as contrasting as the complementary scheme, but it looks more balanced and harmonious.

 

Tetradic (Double Complementary) Color Scheme

The tetradic (double complementary) scheme is the most varied because it uses two complementary color pairs. This scheme is hard to harmonize; if all four hues are used in equal amounts, the scheme may look unbalanced, so you should choose a color to be dominant or subdue the colors.

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